abstract: Transmission speed of 400G is becoming reality and new challenges for optical and electrical components for high speed systems are emerging as well. PAM4 modulation is one key component for 400G transmission with transceivers. Insights of PAM4 are explained and shown. Packed with this knowledge the new introduced formfactors OSFP, QSFP-DD, SFP56-DD and µQSFP are easier to understand. This will help you to design / build new kind of applications or connections with your networking gear in the field. Avoid pitfalls when designing your racks. Be aware that power consumption and new plugs will also be part of the world of 400G transceivers.
|Type of Presentation||Ligtning Talk (5 min.)|